introduction to cbd
*This information was republished with permission from mjcannawellness.com
Before we begin, The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires that we inform you that the efficacy of CBD oil products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research as a treatment for any medical condition. The information in this document is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
This guide contains information that will help you make educated decisions about why and how to use CBD oil. It is not intended to provide medical advice. It’s important that the reader seek the advice of a qualified medical professional who is well versed in the therapeutic use of CBD before beginning use.
With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD became legal and has quickly grown in popularity and mainstream acceptance. CBD rich Hemp oil is finding its way into a variety of products, from tinctures and drops to edibles and balms, as well as a wide range of cosmetics and pet products.
Although CBD doesn’t make people feel high like THC does, it’s causing quite a buzz among scientists, health professionals, and medical marijuana patients who are using CBD-rich products to treat a wide range of conditions such as chronic pain, cancer, Crohn’s, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, PTSD, cardiovascular disease, anxiety, antibiotic-resistant infections, multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, and more. While it is not a cure-all to every problem out there, it has helped provide relief for many different people with a variety of issues. While it sounds magical on paper, each body is different and so every person will react slightly different to CBD.
We have put together this guide in hopes that it will help you to make an informed decision about CBD and if it could be the right option for your wellness needs.
So what exactly is CBD and where does it come from?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, which is one of many compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. Cannabis contains over 100 phytocannabinoids which have been found to have a direct effect on the body through cannabinoid receptors in our cells. The body naturally produces endocannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in regulating our physiology, mood and everyday experience.
So wait, I’m confused...what’s the difference between Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana?
Hemp and Marijuana are both varieties of the same plant species, Cannabis (Sativa to be specific). Cannabis contains a variety of different compounds called phytocannabinoids. The most dominant ones are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). Both cannabinoids have shown to provide profound benefits to the human body. However, THC induces intoxicating effects (gets the user “stoned”), while CBD does is not intoxicating.
THC is famous and comes from Marijuana. When comparing Hemp vs Marijuana, this is a huge distinction; while Hemp contains a very low concentration of THC (0.3% or less), Marijuana is abundant in THC with concentrations between 10% to 40%. We like to think of Hemp as the humble cousin of Marijuana. It can contain an abundant amount of CBD, whose psychotropic properties are nearly non-existent and whose benefits on the body is quite impressive. CBD has awesome anti-inflammatory properties, helps relieve stress and anxiety, manages pain and even helps with sleep by battling insomnia.
So will CBD oil get me stoned, even if it has less than .3% THC?
The short answer is No. Properly produced CBD oil from hemp does not contain THC in high enough concentrations to cause a high or stoned feeling.
How long does CBD Oil take to work?
There are several important factors that come into play when determining the onset time of various methods of administration of CBD oil. Some of these variables are related to CBD itself, and others are related to how the human body reacts to CBD.
Because of unique genetics, no two people react to CBD oil in the same way. The onset time of inhaled CBD is virtually instantaneous. The onset time of edibles and capsules can range anywhere from 20 minutes to over an hour. And the onset time of tinctures can take up to 20 minutes. These figures are to be considered general guidelines and will vary from person to person. We recommend sticking with one product and giving it a good 30 days to determine how it is affecting you.
Is CBD Oil legal?
The short answer is Yes. With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, Hemp (including the phytocannabinoid CBD found within it) was legalized on a Federal level. With that being said, each state is trying to catch up so please check with your state for any specific requirements for purchasing CBD.
Will CBD make me drowsy?
CBD has what is called biphasic properties which means that CBD oil may have different effects depending on the dosage. Taken in nominal doses, CBD is unlikely to cause drowsiness. However, taken in higher doses, there is the potential that it could cause drowsiness.
Alcohol is a perfect example of a drug with biphasic properties. Below a certain blood level, alcohol provides a stimulating effect and can make its user more active and social, while larger amounts of alcohol can have a depressant effect resulting in drowsiness.
Can I give my pet CBD Oil?
Yes, CBD is safe for pets. However, the size and activity level of your pet will determine the optimal dosage. It’s a good idea to talk with a veterinarian who is familiar with CBD’s medicinal uses before you give your pet CBD oil.
tips for starting cbd
Stick With One Product
It’s a good idea to put some thought into which product you’re going to use and stick with that product for a while. This allows you to gauge the effects of that particular product. If you switch back and forth between different products, determining a dosage will be much harder. For what to look for in a CBD oil company, check out this post.
Start With a Low Dosage
When you first begin using CBD oil, it’s a good idea to start with a low dosage. This gives you a chance to determine your body’s reaction to supplementation with CBD. Most experts recommend starting with 1 mg of CBD for every 20 pounds of weight. Using this rule, someone weighing 100 pounds should start with 5 milligrams, while someone weighing over 200 pounds can start with 10 milligrams, and so on.
Start Before Bedtime
When first using CBD oil, it’s best to start at night -- about an hour before bedtime. That way, if CBD has a tendency to make you drowsy you’re not dragging during the daytime. It’s uncommon for a low dosage of CBD to cause drowsiness, but it’s good to be sure. If you have no issues, take another dose in the morning. If CBD oil does make you sleepy, take it at night. And if it keeps you awake at night, take it during the daytime. Oftentimes CBD oil helps with both nighttime sleep and daytime focus, in which case it can be taken multiple times throughout the day.
Increase Your Dosage Slowly
If all goes well but you have not achieved your desired results, you can try doubling your dosage. Each time you increase your dosage, take a few days to make note of your condition including factors such as energy, sleep, mood, and pain levels. Check out our free downloadable CBD journal to help you track your dosages.
If a rise in dosage produces unwanted effects such as making you drowsy, back off to a lower dosage. For health maintenance, experts recommend a maximum dosage somewhere between 10 and 100 milligrams per day depending on your size, the bioavailability of the product and so on.
Finding the right product for you from a high-quality maker is paramount. Once you choose a trusted brand and a particular product, stick with it for a while so that you can truly gauge its effectiveness.